Caucho Technology
  • resin 4.0
  • jmx consoles

    JMX Consoles provide access to both the MBean's that Resin publishes for information about and control of the Resin server and Application specific MBeans.

    JDK 5.0 and JMX

    JDK 5.0 includes a JMX implementation that is used to provide local and remote administration of a Resin server.

    Start Resin and allow local JMX administration
    win> ./resin.exe
    unix> bin/
    Start jconsole
    win> jconsole.exe
    unix> jconsole
    Choose Resin's JVM from the "Local" list.
    Start Resin and allow remote JMX administration
    win> ./resin.exe
    unix> bin/

    Without some configuration effort, the previous command will not work. Password configuration and SSL configuration is required by the JDK implementation of remote JMX. Detailed instructions are included in the JDK documentation.

    The following is useful for testing, but should be done with caution as the port is not protected by password or by SSL, and if not protected by a firewall is accessible by anyone who can guess the port number.

    Start Resin and remote JMX - disable password checking and SSL
    win> ./resin.exe
    unix> bin/ \
    Start jconsole
    win> jconsole.exe
    unix> jconsole
    Enter the host name and port number (9999) on the "Remote" tab
    Setting a password for remote JMX access
    $ cd $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/management
    $ cp jmxremote.password.template jmxremote.password
    $ chmod u=rw jmxremote.password
    $ vi jmxremote.password
    Set a password for "monitorRole" and "controlRole":
    monitorRole 12monitor
    controlRole 55control
    Start Resin and remote JMX - disable SSL
    win> ./resin.exe
    unix> bin/ \
    Start jconsole
    win> jconsole.exe
    unix> jconsole

    Enter the host name and port number (9999) on the "Remote" tabEnter the username and password on the "Remote" tab

    Instrumenting Resources

    Instrumenting resources so JMX can manage them consists of the following steps:

    1. For a class MyFoo, create an interface MyFooMBean with the management interface.
    2. Class MyFoo needs to implement the MyFooMBean interface.
    3. Register MyFoo with the JMX server.

    Instrumenting a servlet

    Resin will automatically register any servlet which implement an MBean interface. By default, the JMX name will be:

    ObjectName attributes
    WebModulethe contextPath
    J2EEApplicationthe host?
    J2EEServerthe server-id?

    The domain is web-app, the type property is javax.servlet.Servlet and the name property is the value of <servlet-name>.

    JMX clients will use the name to manage the servlet. For example, a client might use the pattern web-app:type=javax.servlet.Servlet,* to retrieve all managed servlets.
    package test;
    public interface MyServletMBean {
      public int getCount();
    package test;
    import javax.servlet.*;
    public class MyServlet extends GenericServlet implements MyServletMBean {
      private int count;
      public int getCount()
        return count;
      public void service(ServletRequest request,
                          ServletResponse response)
        throws IOException
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        out.println("Hello, world");

    Managing Resources

    Managing resources uses the JMX API, primarily using the MBeanServer object. In Resin, each web-app has its own MBeanServer.

    Getting the Count attribute
    MBeanServer server = MBeanServerFactory.createMBeanServer();
    ObjectName name = new ObjectName("web-app:j2eeType=javax.servlet.Servlet," +
    Object value = server.getAttribute(name, "Count");
    out.println("Count: " + value);

    Interpreting the proxy cache hit ratio

    The proxy cache is Resin's internal proxy cache (in Resin Pro). The hit ratio marks what percentage of requests are served out of the cache, i.e. quickly, and which percentage are taking the full time.

    The proxy cache hit ratio is useful for seeing if you can improve your application's performance with better caching. For example, if you had a news site like, you should have a high hit rate to make sure you're not overtaxing the database.

    If you have a low value, you might want to look at your heavily used pages to see if you can cache more.

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